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- Total: 112,492 sq km (43,433 sq miles)
- 1821 independence from Spain but remained under the guard of the Mexican Empire
-1838 became an independent republic
- Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
- July 2005 census: 27,968,000 (41st)
- 2005 census: 27,219,266
- Density: 22/kmē (183rd) 57/sq mi
Honduras is the second largest republic in Central America. It has 735km of Caribbean coast to the north, running from the mouth of the Rio Motagua in the west, to the mouth of the Rio Coco in the east. The majority of the southern border meets with Nicaragua; however, the far south western border opens to the Pacific Ocean for a distance of 153 km at the Golfo de Fonseca. The western boundary is with El Salvador (stretching for 342km) and Guatemala (stretching for 256km). In addition, Honduras controls a number of small Caribbean islands as its offshore territories.
Honduras suffers from extensive deforestation due to the expansion of urbanization and population. Without adequate and lawful control this has resulted in soil erosion and deterioration of the land and, in addition, due to non-regulated mineral mining natural resources have been depleting. Such activities have resulted in the first signs of pollution of Lago de Yojoa, which is Honduras´s principal source of fresh water, as well as a number of rivers.
A National Planning Workshop was organized in 2007 to fight these alarming issues. More than 80 environmental agencies gathered together at the capital to set up an action plan to challenge the current problems. As a result of the conference, a ’10 point action plan’ was set up in December 2008, and put into practice in February 2009. With government assistance the country now has a specific course of action with a strong support system in place.